MODEL SPASIAL LINGKUNGAN BUATAN KAWASAN TRANSIT-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT (TOD) DKI JAKARTA

Ahyahudin Sodri, Riza Harmain, Hayati Sari Hasibuan

Abstract


TransitOriented Development (TOD) adalah sebuah konsep pengembangan kawasan perkotaan berbasis lingkungan yang menyediakan solusi menyelesaikan permasalahan lingkungan akibat tekanan pertumbuhan penduduk. Konsep TOD menjadi konsep yang populer di negara-negara maju, sehingga indikator-indikator keberhasilannya juga berkiblat pada negara maju. Namun demikian, permintaan akan konsep pengembangan kawasan perkotaan seperti TOD tidak hanya pada negara maju, melainkan juga untuk negara berkembang. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi indikator keberhasilan konsep TOD untuk negara berkembang dan mengevaluasi rencana pengembangan TOD yang ada. Studi ini dilakukan di kawasan TOD Dukuh Atas DKI Jakarta sebagai kawasan TOD yang diarahkan menjadi pusat hub internasional. Studi ini menggunakan metode sistem informasi geografis (SIG) yaitu berupa analisis overlay antara kondisi aktual dan perencanaan dari masing-masing indikator TOD. Indikator yang digunakan pada studi ini adalah jalur pejalan kaki, jalur sepeda, penggunaan lahan campuran, dan ruang terbuka hijau. Hasil studi ini menunjukkan bahwa kawasan TOD Dukuh Atas memiliki rencana jalur pejalan kaki, jalur sepeda, penggunaan lahan campuran, dan ruang terbuka hijau. Akan tetapi, kondisi aktual kawasan TOD Dukuh Atas menunjukkan bahwa jalur pejalan kaki, jalur sepeda, penggunaan lahan campuran, dan ruang terbuka hijau belum memenuhi kriteria kelayakan kawasan TOD karena belum sesuai dengan yang direncanakan. Oleh karena itu, studi ini memberikan beberapa rekomendasi pada penyempurnaan desain kawasan TOD berdasarkan indikator keberhasilan TOD di Kawasan TOD Dukuh Atas. Hal ini dikarenakan desain dan rancangan yang ada sulit untuk dilakukan mengingat kawasan TOD Dukuh Atas telah terbangun sebelumnya.


Keywords


Transit oriented development; jalur pejalan kaki; jalur sepeda; mix-landuse; ruang terbuka hijau

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24895/MIG.2020.22-1.1157

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