KERENTANAN SOSIAL TERHADAP BANJIR DI BANTARAN SUNGAI BENGAWAN SOLO PASCA RELOKASI MANDIRI

agustina setyaningrum, Dyah Rahmawati H, Muh. Aris Marfai

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Banjir besar pada akhir tahun 2007 mengharuskan Pemerintah Kota Surakarta untuk melaksanakan program relokasi paska terjadinya banjir. Masyarakat pindah dan menempati lokasi relokasi namun tidak jauh dari bantaran Sungai Bengawan Solo. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menilai tingkat kerentanan sosial masyarakat terhadap banjir pasca relokasi yang bertempat tinggal di sempadan Sungai Bengawan Solo. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini meliputi data primer dan data sekunder. Teknik pengambilan sampel yaitu simple random sampling. Analisis data keruangan dilakukan dengan metode Spatial Multi Criteria Evaluation (SMCE). Penilaian kerentanan dengan menggunakan dua skenario yaitu skenario lingkungan dan skenario ekonomi. Hasil proses SMCE menunjukkan bahwa di lokasi relokasi, terdapat wilayah-wilayah yang masuk dalam kerentanan sosial tinggi dan sedang. Berdasarkan skenario lingkungan, menunjukkan bahwa seluruh kelurahan/desa lokasi relokasi memiliki kerentanan tinggi kecuali Kelurahan Mojosongo yang memiliki kerentanan sedang. Berdasarkan skenario ekonomi, menunjukan lokasi relokasi yang termasuk dalam kerentanan tinggi adalah Kelurahan Semanggi, Jebres, dan Desa Gadingan. Sedangkan lokasi relokasi yang termasuk dalam kerentanan sedang dalam skenario ekonomi adalah Kelurahan Mojosongo, Desa Laban, dan Desa Plumbon.

Kata kunci: kerentanan, banjir, relokasi

ABSTRACT

        Great flood at the end of 2007 requires Government of Surakarta to implement the relocation program after the flood. The community moved and occupied the relocation site but not far from the banks of Bengawan Solo River. The aims of the study are to assess the level of social vulnerability after relocation. The data used in this study consist of primary data and secondary data. The sampling technique used in this study was simple random sampling. Spatial data analysis was conducted using Spatial Multi Criteria Evaluation (SMCE). The vulnerability assessment using two scenarios, the environmental scenario and economic scenario. Results of the SMCE showed that in relocation sites there are areas that fall into high and medium social vulnerability. Based on the environmental scenarios, the relocation areas have high vulnerability except for Mojosongo which have moderate vulnerability. Based on the economic scenarios, the relocation area that included in high vulnerability are Semanggi, Jebres, and Gadingan.While the relocation area that included in moderate vulnerability using economic scenario are Mojosongo, Laban, and Plumbon.

Keywords: vulnerability, flood, relocation 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Cutter, L.,Boruff, J dan Shirley, W. (2003). Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazard.Social Science Quarterly, Volume 84, Number 2, June 2003, 242-261.

Department for International Developmnet (DFID). (1999). Sustainable Livelihod Guidance Sheets. Cited in http://www.livelihoodscentre.org/documents/20720/100145/Sustainable+livelihoods+guidance+sheets/8f35b59f-8207-43fc-8b99-df75d3000e86. 18 April 2013.

Febrianti, F. (2010). Flood Risk Perception and Coping Mechanism of a Local Community (Kelurahan Sangkrah, Serengan dan Joyontakan). Thesis Geo Information for Spatial Planning and Risk Management Graduate School Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.

Hizbaron, D. (2013). Penelitian Kajian Faktor Pengaruh dan Pola Spasial Kerentanan di Kawasan Merapi Yogyakarta. Fakultas Geografi UGM. Yogyakarta.

Hizbaron, D.,Rahmat, P.,Setyaningrum, A.,Malawani, M. (2015). Kajian Pola Spasial Kerentanan Sosial, Ekonomi dan Fisik di Wilayah Rawan Erupsi Gunung Api Merapi Yogyakarta. Jurnal Riset Kebencanaan Indonesia, 1(1), 16-24.

Marschiavelli, M. (2008). Vurnerability Assessment and Coping Mechanism Related to Floods in Urban Areas: A Community-Based Case Study in Kampung Melayu, Indonesia. Thesis. Geo Information for Spatial Planning and Risk Management Graduate School Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.

Pemerintah Kota Surakarta. (2012). Program Relokasi Paska Banjir tahun 2007 bagi Warga Bantaran Sungai Bengawan Solo dan anak-anaknya di Kota Surakarta. Pemerintah Kota Surakarta. Surakarta

RI (Republik Indonesia). 2015. Peraturan Menteri Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat Republik Indonesia Nomor 28/PRT/M/2015 tentang Penetapan Garis Sempadan Sungai dan Garis Sempadan Danau. Menteri Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat Republik Indonesia. Jakarta

Shen, X. (2010). Flood Risk Perception and Communicationwithin Risk Management Different Cultural Contexts. UNU-EHS. Germany.

UNISDR. (2009). UNISDR Therminology on Disaster Risk Reduction. UNISDR. Switzerland.

Westen., Alkema., Damen., Kerle, N., Kingma. (2011). Multi-Hazard Risk Assessment, Distance Education Course Risk City Education Book 2011. Cited in http://www.ecapra.org/sites/default/files/documents/Book%20Multi%20Hazard%20Risk%20Assessment_0.pdf. [2 Januari 2014].

Wisner, B.,Blaikie, P., Cannon, T.,dan Davis I. (2003). At Risk Second Edition Natural Hazard, People’s Vulnerability and Disasters. Routledge. London.

World Bank. (2010). Assessing Damage and Defining Reconstruction Policy. Cited in http://www.gfdrr.org/sites/gfdrr.org/files/Chapter_5_To_Relocate_or_Not_to_Relocate.pdf. [8 April 2013]

Zein, M. (2010). A Community Based Approach to Flood Hazard and Vulnerability Assessment in Flood Phrone Area, A Case Study in Keluraha Sewu Surakarta City Indonesia. Tesis. Geo Information for Spatial Planning and Risk Management Graduate School Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24895/MIG.2017.19-2.467

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 MAJALAH ILMIAH GLOBE

Majalah Ilmiah Globe Indexed by:

 

Copyright of Majalah Ilmiah Globe

Creative Commons License