GPS-DERIVED SECULAR VELOCITY FIELD AROUND SANGIHE ISLAND AND ITS IMPLICATION TO THE MOLUCCA SEA SEISMICITY

Leni Sophia Heliani, Cecep Pratama, Parseno Parseno, Nurrohmat Widjajanti, Dwi Lestari

Abstract


Sangihe-Moluccas region is the most active seismicity in Indonesia. Between 2015 to 2018 there is four M6 class earthquake occurred close to the Sangihe-Moluccas region. These seismic active regions representing active deformation which is recorded on installed GPS for both campaign and continuous station. However, the origin of those frequent earthquakes has not been well understood especially related to GPS-derived secular motion. Therefore, we intend to estimate the secular motion inside and around Sangihe island. On the other hand, we also evaluate the effect of seismicity on GPS sites. Since our GPS data were conducted on yearly basis, we used an empirical global model of surface displacement due to coseismic activity. We calculate the offset that may be contained in the GPS site during its period. We remove the offset and estimate again the secular motion using linear least square. Hence, in comparison with the secular motion without considering the seismicity, we observe small change but systematically shifting the motion. We concluded the seismicity in the Molucca sea from 2015 to 2018 systematically change the secular motion around Sangihe Island at the sub-mm level. Finally, we obtained the secular motion toward each other between the east and west side within 1 to 5.5 cm/year displacement.


Keywords


GPS; Sangihe Island; seismicity; secular

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24895/JIG.2020.26-2.1199

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