MODEL SPASIAL POTENSI PENGEMBANGAN PENGGUNA BAHAN BAKAR GAS MELALUI JARINGAN PIPA GAS DI KABUPATEN BEKASI

Dede Prabowo Wiguna, Raldi Hendro Koestoer, Tito Latief Indra

Abstract


Pengembangan Bahan Bakar Gas melalui jaringan pipa diharapkan akan sangat mendukung diversifikasi energi. Kondisi saat ini, sebaran jaringan pipa gas yang berada di Kabupaten Bekasi belum merata. Pengembangan infrastruktur jaringan pipa gas dengan model spasial bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola pelayanan gas dan menemukan lokasi optimal potensi pengguna bahan bakar gas di Kabupaten Bekasi. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kombinasi menggunakan metode kuantitatif seperti nearest neighbor analysis, matrik jarak, model Huff serta aplikasi Sistem Informasi Geografi (SIG) sebagai alat analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa potensi pengembangan pelayanan pengguna bahan bakar gas memiliki kecenderungan pola yang serupa dengan pelayanan jaringan pipa gas yang telah ada, karena posisi pengguna gas terletak di lingkungan Kawasan Industri sehingga polanya mengikuti tarikan pasar ke wilayah-wilayah pertumbuhan industri. Peluang pengembangan jaringan pipa gas terkonsentrasi di kecamatan-kecamatan yang memiliki karakteristik (a) topografi wilayah datar, (b) jaringan jalan rapat, (c) jumlah potensi sektor pengguna tinggi, (d) memiliki demand volume gas yang tinggi, dan (e) hambatan relatif yang kecil. Secara spasial, pengembangan jaringan pipa gas diprediksi akan meluas ke wilayah pinggirannya, terutama ke arah selatan. Wilayah-wilayah tersebut antara lain kecamatan Cikarang Selatan, Setu, Serang Baru dan Cibarusah. Hal ini disebabkan oleh, kondisi arah selatan Kabupaten Bekasi memiliki akses yang lebih potensial daripada wilayah lainnya dan merupakan wilayah pusat pertumbuhan permukiman yang secara geografis dekat dengan Kabupaten Bogor.

Kata kunci:jaringan pipa gas, pengguna bahan bakar gas, model spasial

ABSTRACT

The development of gas fuel through pipelinenetworkis expected to support the energy diversity. Now, the distribution of pipeline network in Bekasi Regency not spread evenly yet. The pipeline infrastructure development with spatial models aims to determine the distribution of pipeline pattern and find optimal location of potential users of the gas fuel in Bekasi Regency. This study applied combination of quantitative methods such as nearest neighbor analysis, distance matrix, Huff models as well as the application of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) as an analytical tool. The results showed that the potential development of gas fuel service users have a tendency that the pattern is in line with services network of existing gas pipeline, because the position of the gas users located in the Industrial Area so that the pattern follows the pull of the market (market driven) into the areas of industrial growth. Development opportunities are concentrated in districts that have characteristics (a) the topography is flat, (b) road network meetings, (c) the number of potential high user sector, (d) have a high volume of gas demand and (e) barriers are relatively small. Spatially, the development of gas pipeline is expected to extend into the rim area, particularly to the south. These regions include districts of South Cikarang, Setu, New Serang and Cibarusah. It is caused by conditions that the southward of Bekasi Regencyhas more potential access than otherregions and the central region of the settlements growth that geographically close to the Bogor Regency.

Keywords: pipelines gas, gas fuel users, spatial models


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